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Garnet comprise a group of differently colored minerals with similar composition. The name is derived from Latin, meaning grain, because of the rounded edges of the rough crystals. Although Garnets are usually thought of as red (such as seen in Almandine and Pyropes) come in other colors as well. Garnet have hardness of 7.5 and are transparent. The Garnet varieties are Pyrope, Almandine, Spessartite, Glossular, Demantoid, and Uvarovite. Pyrupe Garnet is deep red with a brown tint, and is sometimes mistaken for Ruby. It was at the height of fashion in the 18th century, and is found in many antique jewelry items.

Rhodolite  is a rose-red or pale violet Garnet. Pyrope and Rhodolite Garnet are found in North Carolina,  Sri Lanka, Brazil, Zambia, and Tanzania. Almandite is red with  violet tint. and is found in Sri Lanka, India, Afghanistan, and Brazil. Spessartite is ornage to red-brown, and is originally mined in Spessart, Germany. Its main deposits now comes from Sri Lanka, Brazil, USA, and Sweden.

Glossular Garnets are green, yellow and copper-brown. The name is derived from Latin, meaning gooseberry...and Glossular Garnets are usually green. Deposits are found in Sri Lanka, Canada, Pakistan, South Africa, Russia, and the USA. The varieties of Glossular are Hessonite (brown-orange), Leuco (colorless), hydroglossular (opaque or green glossular , also called transvaal jade), and Andradite a variety that is usually not suitable for jewelry.

DEMANTOID is a Gem variety of andradite that is transparent and emerald green with a diamond-like luster. It is by far the most valuable Garnet. It is found in Urals, and can be confused with Peridot, Emerald, and Tourmaline. Melanite is a black opaque variety and Topazolite ias a lemon yellow variety of Androdite. Uvarovite is transparent emerald green and is mined in the Urals, Finland, India, Ploand, Canada, and the USA.

A major advance of Garnets is that they're not normally treated with oil, plastic, wax, epoxy, dyes, glass-like fillings, and other substances. WHEN YOU BUY A GARNET, YOU ARE USUALLY GETTING A TRULY NATURAL GEMSTONE. It is safe to clean Garnet in ultrasonic cleaners if they don't have fractures. It's safer to just clean them with warm soapy water. Never boil or steam clean Garnets as abrupt temperature changes cause fracturing. They are slightly attacked by htdroflouric acid, but otherwise they are resistant to chemicals. Garnets do not fade.